How humans have transformed Earth: Incredible video illuminates every road, shipping route and flight path
- Three per cent of the planet's land surface is under tarmac - an area the size of India
From space Earth looks completely untouched.
However, it's deceptive, as a new video shows in mesmerising fashion.
'Anthropocene' demonstrates just how much the planet has been transformed by humans by illuminating every road, shipping route and flight path.
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Global map showing major road and rail networks over land, along with transmission line and underwater cable data superimposed over satellite images of cities illuminated at night
Human technology presence over Africa at night. Road, rail and data transmission lines are highlighted on the map - along with the undersea data cables that connect continents
The three-minute clip is the result of 13 years of devotion by Canadian anthropologist Felix Pharand.
Using an ordinary home PC, Pharand input data from agencies such as the Geospatial Intelligence Agency and Atmospheric Administration to create accurate illustrations of how humans have 'domesticated' our planet - superimposing the data on images of the earth's cities lit up at night.
Pharand claims three per cent of the planet's land surface is under tarmac - an area the size of India.
Recently, the United Nations Populations Fund revealed that by October 31, there will be an extra billion people on the Earth compared to 1999.
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The video literally highlights the stark contrast between the infrastructures of Europe and north Africa
According to the UN it has been estimated of all the humans ever born, over six per cent, are walking the Earth today.
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'These pictures show several sides of global human activities,' said 34-year-old Felix, from Montreal, Canada. 'We see everything from paved and unpaved roads, light pollution, railways, electricity transmission lines.'
'It shows the extent of our civilisation, the patterns of our global sprawl, how human-influenced our planet now is.'
Air traffic routes across North America and Europe - showing the 'hubs' that connect the world, such as London's Heathrow, JFK in New York and Frankfurt
Air traffic routes over Eurasia - just one of the technologies Felix Pharand Deschenes has mapped over a night-time view of our planet
Felix taught himself design to communicate his ideas more effectively - and wanted to create the sort of visions of planets seen in sci-fi movies, but using real data from our world.
'I thought there would be huge strengths associated with global pictures depicting how far we've been at colonising, domesticating and transforming our home planet. I started to gather data from numerous sources and to explore ways of assembling them. We've seen similar pictures in movies like Star Wars, Contact, Avatar and the likes but I have never seen realistic renderings for our Earth. So I thought - why not try to make some?
Felix is positive about the legacy of our species. 'Today's global civilisation is the work of billions of people throughout history,' he said, 'It has been established through much effort, successes and sufferings - as well as wars, inventions, exchanges, crisis and socio-technological changes. The world at the start of the 21st Century is also the result of what we call the Great Acceleration - the most rapid transformation of the human relationship with the natural world in history.
'Many human activities reached take-off points sometime in the mid-20th Century and sharply accelerated towards the end of the century. These shots are a tool to raise awareness - I think we have a duty to remain optimistic in our hearts,' says Pharand, a director of environmental group Globaia.
By the end of the 21st century the world population could more than double to 15.8 billion people.